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Summaries and analysis of recent Delaware court decisions concerning business-related litigation.
Morris James Blogs
What discovery is permitted in a books and records case has two dimensions. More ›
Inspection of a company's records may not be conditioned on an agreement not to trade the company's stock following the inspection.
This decision holds that after a director ceases to be a director, he loses any statutory or other right as a director to inspect a corporation's books and records.
This decision illustrates the danger in vesting practical control of the records an entity in a non-Delaware "agent." Simply put, as the agent is not subject to the statutory duty to produce those records and may not even be subject to Delaware jurisdiction, the Delaware forum is not available to enforce inspection rights
This decision explains the rare case when a litigant may gain access to the opposing party's litigation reserves. That information is usually subject to attorney-client privilege.
This books and records case provides a good summary of the law limiting inspection to what the petitioner really needs to fulfill her proper purpose in seeking inspection. The decision covers both inspection to value shares and to investigate alleged wrongdoing.
In recent years, the Delaware Supreme Court has stressed that it is desirable to file a books and records case before starting derivative litigation. But do you need to do that every time? In the unusual situation presented by this case, the Court of Chancery declined to hold up a derivative case to permit a books and records case to go first. In granting an immediate appeal, the Court recognized that the Supreme Court may want to clarify the law in this area.
In a books and records action, may the plaintiff also add a count for breach of duty? This decision holds that he cannot do so. After all, a books and records action is meant to be summarily litigated. That fast track cannot be achieved if other claims must also be decided at the same time.
To inspect corporate records to see if there has been "wrongdoing," a stockholder has to have a basis to suspect that wrongdoing has occurred. The evidence needed has been described as the lowest level possible if there is to be any standard at all. This decision illustrates that a standard does exist. Past lawsuits that have been settled are not sufficient to show present wrongdoing. General news articles about an industry-wide investigation are not sufficient. Both together do not get there either and the suit was dismissed.
The right of a stockholder to inspect a company's books and records is govenned by Section 220 of the DGCL. A beneficial owner must first show proof of beneficial ownership, however, and Section 220 tells how to do so. Here the plaintiff for some reason just ignored Section 220's requirements to show beneficial ownership. When then faced with a motion to dismiss, he argued that he could supply that proof later because it was just a clerical mistake to not do so when his complaint was filed. The Delaware Supreme Court forcefully rejected that argument and upheld the dismissal of his complaint.
Note that the Supreme Court sidestepped the holding of the Court of Chancery that once it filed a derivative suit, this plaintiff lost its rights under Section 220.
This is an interesting decision because the Court appointed a receiver to enforce its orders granting a right to inspect an LLC's records when the LLC management did not comply with those past orders. How far that receiver might go in his inspection is not clear but given that the receiver is the plaintiff's own agent, pretty far seems likely.
The interaction between two cases in two jurisdictions is again examined in this decision. The court held that a Section 220 books and records case may not be pursued to provide discovery to support the amendment of a complaint in a case pending elsewhere when the time to amend that complaint has passed. The mere possibility that the time to amend may be extended is not enough to get under the rule in the King decision that permitted a books and records action to proceed when the right to amend a complaint was still present.
Inspection rights in LLCs are different from those in corporations. The statute is different and the relationship between the owners is different. This decision does a good job of explaining inspection rights in an LLC, including when those rights may reach the records of a subsidiary.